Nonwoven fabric (TNT in acronym) is the generic term for an industrial product similar to a fabric but obtained by processes other than weaving (crossing of warp and weft threads through a loom) and knitting.

Sometimes the term is also referred to as nonwoven, an Anglicism meaning “unwoven.” Manufacturing typically uses layered or crisscrossed fibers that are joined together mechanically (e.g., with needles), with adhesives, or with thermal processes.

The characteristics of an excellent nonwoven fabric are:

  • water repellency
  • resistance to low and even high temperatures
  • softness or at least nonabrasiveness to the touch (making it usable for cleaning, stain removal, or dusting).

One particular process is spunbonded, which consists of melting the polymer, which is then drilled and pressed, improving the softness of the product and the possibility of making it very thin.